Altitude: The height of an object compared to sea level or ground level.
Canal: A water-way that is manmade and used for irrigation and transportation.
Canyon: A deep gorge surrounded by steep sides, usually with a river flowing through it.
Cartographer: Someone who studies and creates maps.
Cartography: The study and creation of maps.
Compass: A device used for navigation that always points north.
Compass Rose: A design on the map that tells you which direction is North, South, East, West
Continent: A very large area of land. The seven continents consist of: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America.
Contour: Lines on a map that represents places that have the same altitude.
Degree: A unit of measurement, written as °
Eastern Hemisphere: The half of the earth that is east of the prime meridian. Consisting of: Africa, Asia, Australia, and Europe.
Equator: An invisible line drawn around the earth halfway between the North and South Poles.
Geography: The study of the Earth's surface.
Geologic Map: A specific map created to show the geological features such as different rocks and faults.
Glacier: A slowly moving body of ice.
GPS: Global Positioning System. A system that tells you your exact longitude and latitude of a location.
Island: A piece of land surrounded by water.
Key: A small table on the map defining the symbols that are being used.
Lake: A large body of water surrounded by land on all sides of it.
Landmark: An object such as a mountain or lake used to determine one's location.
Latitude: The angular distance of a location north or south of the earth's equator.
Longitude: The angular distance of a location east or west of the meridian.
Map: A graphic representation of a place or location.
Meridian: An invisible arc of constant longitude that meets at the north and south poles.
Northern Hemisphere: The half of the earth that is north of the equator.
Ocean: A large body of salt water that surrounds land.
Parallel: Two points side by side and always having the same distance between them.
Peninsula: A mass of land surrounded by water on only three sides.
Plain: A flat piece of land that only has small changes in elevation.
River: A large body of water usually connecting to a sea or ocean.
Road Map: A map used by travelers that shows major highways, cities, and towns.
Southern Hemisphere: The half of the earth that is south of the equator.
Topographic Map: A map showing elevations of different locations.
Weather Map: A map that shows weather conditions over a period.
Western Hemisphere: The half of the earth west of the prime meridian. Another name for the Americas.
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