Home: Telematics Glossary

Telematics Glossary

The telematics industry is growing at an incredible rate and more and more fleet managers and media outlets are talking about the products and services available. In order to keep the conversation moving, we’ve created this resource to help make the industry easier to understand. There are many different terms and acronyms used by telematics companies. This glossary is a collection of the most commonly used terms and acronyms and what they mean. We will continually update this page as new terms are coined or become more relevant.

Frequently Used Telematics Terms

  • What is DVIR?
    A Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (or DVIR) allows drivers to complete and submit daily vehicle inspections via an in-vehicle tablet. They replace paper inspection reports while retaining compliance.
  • What is CSA?
    Improving highway safety can take more than one form—improving vehicle safety in crashes, installing collision barriers—but prevention is always better than mitigation. Based on that idea, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration introduced the Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) initiative.
  • What is DOT compliance?
    DOT compliance refers to meeting the standards established in each of several DOT areas of oversight. Violation of any one of them can lead to serious consequences, and commercial motor carriers are regularly monitored to ensure they remain in compliance.
  • What is GPS fleet tracking?
    Today’s satellite global positioning system, or GPS, is the basis for a technology popular with commercial motor vehicle operators in asset management — which can include vehicles, equipment and personnel.
  • What is HOS?
    Hours of service (HOS) is a term referring to the number of hours that a commercial motor vehicle driver may work per day, or week, or other period as mandated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).
  • What is telematics?
    Telematics, in its broad definition, refers to remote communications (telos is a classical word meaning long distance) and informatics, a combined term based on information and automatic or automated.
  • What is an electronic logbook?
    An electronic logbook, also known as an elog, provide accurate records for vehicle operating data and driver activity.
  • What is mobile resource management?
    Mobile resource management refers to monitoring and tracking a variety of mobile assets.
  • What are GPS tracking devices in fleet vehicles?
    GPS is a satellite-based navigation system used to track vehicles and drivers in real time.
  • AOBRD vs ELD - What's the difference?
    Learn the differences between an ELD and an AOBRD solution.
  • What vehicles must be DOT compliant?
    Know the criteria that determines whether a vehicle needs DOT registration.
  • What is driver fatigue?
    Driver fatigue can be more serious than a feeling of tiredness, it is one of the most common hazards on the road today.
  • What is backhauling?
    Backhauling in trucking means planning for round trip hauls, mapping out routes to ensure goods are transported on every leg of a truck’s journey.
  • What is an at-risk driver?
    Identifying at-risk drivers and providing appropriate training for them can eliminate possible safety issues and improve the overall safety of your businesses.
  • What is a dashboard camera?
    Dashboard cameras are video cameras attached to the vehicle dashboard, the inside of the windshield or nearly any surface recording what the vehicle is doing or what is going on around the vehicle.
  • What is asset tracking?
    There is great value in knowing where everything is at any given time that is why most construction companies are using asset tracking to operate diverse fleets of movable and fixed assets across multiple jobs sites.
  • What is weather telematics?
    Weather telematics refers to a vehicle telematics solution that receives weather reporting and forecasting data, and can show vehicle drivers or fleets the current or changing weather along their planned route.
  • What is the difference between predictive and preventative maintenance?
    Fleet maintenance is the observing and servicing of equipment and vehicles to prevent breakdowns and malfunctions and extend the life of assets. Preventative maintenance focuses on a pre-planned schedule, whereas predictive maintenance is centered on real-time data on equipment health and performance.
  • What types of vehicles can I track with a vehicle tracking system?
    A vehicle tracking system is a great tool for businesses and fleet managers who are looking to maximize fleet operations. Vehicle tracking can be used to track not just cars but a variety of medium-to-heavy-duty assets, buses, cargo vans, specialty trucks for dumping and cementing and much more.
  • What is IFTA?
    The International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) is an arrangement among U.S. states and Canadian provinces. Taxes are paid on motor fuels, and IFTA allows commercial motor carriers to register in one state and have these tax assessments paid out to all participating areas according to their fair share.
  • What is Geofencing?
    Geofencing is a technological advancement in GPS fleet management that can be applied in different ways, for varying purposes. As a basic definition, geofencing is simply the capability to use signals from a device to pinpoint that device’s location (known as geolocation or geotracking) and draw a digital boundary to encircle the area, the fencing part of the word.
  • What is an ELD?
    An electronic logging device is a tablet computer carried in the truck cab. It records data regarding the operation of the vehicle, as well as driver activity including driver hours of service (HOS) and record of duty status (RODS).
  • What is the ELD mandate?
    The ELD mandate, or ELD Final Rule, is a U.S. federal government regulation specifying that operators of commercial motor vehicles covered by this law will be required to use electronic logging devices, or ELDs.
  • What is FMCSA?
    The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration is a division of the United States Department of Transportation, and commercial motor carriers are required to comply with FMCSA regulations as part of a broader DOT compliance obligation.
  • What is IVMS?
    IVMS consists of an electronic device or number of devices installed in a vehicle to monitor driver activities and help identify behaviors such as excessive speed, harsh braking, rapid acceleration or drowsy driving.
  • What is an IFTA Fuel Tax Report?
    The International Fuel Tax Agreement requires a quarterly report on miles traveled and fuel purchased in 48 U.S. states and 10 Canadian Provinces.
  • What is Fleet Management?
    Fleet management is a system of technologies and procedures that helps organizations use their resources with maximum efficiency and cost control.
  • What are DOT violations?
    What requirements must your fleet meet in order to be DOT compliant? This defines rules and regulations for your fleet according to the Department of Transportation.
  • What is unassigned drive time?
    Unassigned drive time occurs when any driving event not associated with a specific driver or support staff is recorded in an Electronic Logging Device (ELD).
  • What is fleet maintenance?
    Fleet maintenance is the process of keeping your vehicles operating in a good enough condition so that they are safe, reliable and can stay on the road longer.
  • What is hotshot trucking?
    Hotshot truck drivers generally take incomplete or less-than-truckload (LTL) loads and dedicate the route and their schedule to a single customer.
  • What is personal conveyance?
    Personal conveyance is a term that appears in the regulations applied to drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) which refers to a driver using the vehicle for transportation to a destination that is not part of the driver’s work responsibilities.
  • What dashboard camera should I buy?
    When choosing which dashboard camera to purchase, an organization should compare the integration of products and systems to determine which camera solution best meets their individual requirements.
  • What is a computerized maintenance management system?
    Computerized maintenance management system (CMMS) allows construction, transportation and trucking organizations to automate the processes they use to monitor and schedule equipment maintenance.
  • What is distracted driving?
    Distracted driving consists of three main types which are: 1.Manual 2. Visual 3.Cognitive, but they all result in a major safety threat not only to drivers, but to everyone who shares the road with them.
  • What is reckless driving?
    Reckless driving is considered a conscious or intentional indifference to the rules of the road and operation of a vehicle, with knowledge that damage could be done. It can lead to demerit points on your license, hefty fines and possibly increase in auto insurance rates.